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Internal structure and dynamics of sheet cavitation

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2006
auteur(s) Coutier Delgosha Olivier; Devillers Jean-François; Pichon Thierry; Vabre Alexandre; Woo Romuald; Legoupil Samuel
journal (abréviation) Physics of Fluids (Phys Fluid)
volume (numéro) 18 (1)
numéro de papier 017103
  
résumé The internal structure and the dynamics of two-dimensional (2D) sheet cavitation on the suction side of a 2D foil section were investigated experimentally. Experiments were conducted in a cavitation tunnel and situations ranging from steady sheet cavitation to unsteady cloud cavitation were obtained by varying the foil incidence and the cavitation number. Using a novel endoscopic technique, coupled with x-ray attenuation measurements, the two-phase morphology and the void fraction within the sheet cavitation were investigated. Supplemental information on the instantaneous shape of the sheet cavity and its instability frequency were also obtained by visualization and pressure measurements, respectively. The investigations focused on (a) the void fraction distribution and (b) the frequency of the cavity oscillations. It was found that the void ratio can reach as much as 50% depending on the conditions of operation, and the Strouhal numbers are around 0.25 in the case of partial cavity instability and 0.12 in the case of transitional sheet cavitation. Finally, the visualization of the vapor structures within the sheet cavity for various stations along the chord gives a qualitative understanding of the process of vapor production and condensation.
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