||Structural strength, porous space, and permeability of concrete are strongly affected by mechanical, hydrous, and thermal loading. These various loadings may lead to drying shrinkage, one of the main characteristics of this type of material, which has to be involved in the behaviour modelling and experimental investigations being the subjects of this paper. Experimental devices and principal parameters studied are first presented. Drying shrinkage and loss of mass in time were measured on prismatic samples while uniaxial compression tests were performed on cylindrical samples. Gas permeability tests, carried out on a concrete cylinder 30 mm in diameter, form the second part of this study. The samples used for these measurements were cored from each prismatic sample at the end of 10 months or 2 years of drying, either from the transverse direction of sample (privileged direction of drying) or from the longitudinal direction. Gas permeability procedure, using micropulse test technique, is described as well as the experimental process. Experimental results are finally commented on and discussed with a view on induced anisotropy due to desiccation. Such an anisotropy is clearly observable in permeability, which is also increasing with drying time.