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A comprehensive microscopic study of third body formation at the interface between a brake pad and brake disc during the final stage of a pin-on-disc test

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2009
auteur(s) Osterlé Werner; Dorfel I.; Prietzel C.; Rooch H.; Cristol Anne-Lise; Degallaix Gérard; Desplanques Yannick
journal (abréviation) Wear (Wear)
volume (numéro) 267 (5-8)
pages 781 – 788
résumé In order to preserve contact situations occuring during a tribological test, an experiment was performed to investigate the pin-disc-interface while keeping the pin pressed against the disc. The pin was made from a commercial brake pad material and the disc from gray cast iron. Thus the experiment simulated a moderate brake application. After fixation of the friction couple, macro-and micro-cross-sections were prepared by conventional metallography and focused ion beam technique, respectively. The amount of third body between the two first bodies and its structure and chemical composition was determined by microscopic and micro-analytical techniques including SEM, FIB, TEM and EDX. Furthermore, the size and structure of wear particles ejected from the contact area during the test was examined. Although testing conditions were moderate in respect to energy input and corresponding temperature rise, at least the main features of the third body structure are comparable to features observed after severe braking conditions. The observations confirm that during braking the first bodies are separated by a third body which is mainly responsible for the friction response. Lacking evidence of third body films after braking with certain pad materials can be attributed to filmloss after braking due to weak adherence to the disc surface.
mots clés Brake, third body, wear, friction, nano-scale, TEM
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