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Micromechanics-based modelling of stiffness and yield stress for silica/polymer nanocomposites

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2009
auteur(s) Boutaleb S.; Zaïri Fahmi; Mesbah A.; Naït Abdelaziz Moussa; Gloaguen Jean-Michel; Boukharouba T.; Lefebvre Jean-Marc
journal (abréviation) International Journal of Solids and Structures (Int J Solid Struct)
volume (numéro) 46 (7-8)
  
pages 1716 – 1726
résumé Establishing structure-property relationships for nanoparticle/polymer composites is a fundamental task for a reliable design of such new systems. A micromechanical analytical model is proposed in the present work, in order to address the problem of stiffness and yield stress prediction in the case of nanocomposites consisting of silica nanoparticles embedded in a polymer matrix. It takes into account an interphase corresponding to a perturbed region of the polymer matrix around the nanoparticles. Its modulus is continuously graded from that of the silica nanoparticle to that of the polymer matrix. Considering the thickness of the third phase as a characteristic length scale, the influence of particle size on the overall nanocomposite behaviour is examined. The key role of the interphase on both the overall stiffness and yield stress is studied and the model output is compared to experimental data of various silica spherical nanoparticle/polymer composites extracted from the literature. The model is also used to examine the influence of interphase features on the overall nanocomposite behaviour. A finite element analysis is then achieved and the numerical results are validated using the analytical predictions. Local stress and strain distributions are analysed in order to understand the phenomena occuring at the nanoscale.
mots clés Nanocomposites; Nanoparticles; Silica; Inhomogeneous interphase; Size effect; Stiffness; Yield stress; Micromechanical modelling; Finite element analysis
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