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Experimental and micro-mechanical analysis of the mechanical and transport properties of mortar containing heat-induced micro-cracks

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2010
auteur(s) Chen Xiaoting; Davy Catherine A.; Shao Jian-Fu; Skoczylas Frédéric
journal (abréviation) Cement and Concrete Composites (Cem Concr Comp)
volume (numéro) 32 (9)
  
pages 678 – 685
résumé This paper focuses on the effect of micro-cracks induced by a slow heating/cooling process (also called heat-treatment) in a mortar, upon its poro-elastic properties under drained hydrostatic compression, and upon its intrinsic permeability. Prior to the experiments, mortar samples are subjected to a slow heating-cooling cycle up to one temperature T = 105, 200, 300 or 400°C. The reference state of mortar is taken after drying at 60°C until constant mass. Experimental results show that the effective drained bulk modulus K_b of mortar decreases significantly with heat-treatment temperature T. A transition from elastic to plastic behavior with increasing heat-treatment temperature T is also observed. These effects are mainly attributed to to heating-induced micro-cracks, and, to a lesser extent, to the increase in connected porosity. We also measure a significant increase in permeability. Based on these experimental evidences, a micro-mechanical analysis is proposed, which describes micro-cracks as independent 3D penny-shaped cracks of varying aspect ratio alpha. A relationship between the degradation of bulk modulus and heating-induced micro-cracks is established. The distribution of aspect ratio of micro-crack porosity is determined for each heat-treatment temperature. The correlation between heating-induced crack porosity (or with crack aspect ratio) and permeability is also determined. Finally, a phenomenological law is proposed to describe the increase in plastic deformation with T. Good correlation with experimental stress-strain curves is found.
mots clés Mortar, concrete, thermal damage, micro-cracks, pore collapse, micromechanics
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