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Analysis of the attenuation of railway squeal noise by preloaded rings inserted in wheels

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2010
auteur(s) Brunel Jean-François; Dufrenoy Philippe; Charley Jacques; Demilly François
journal (abréviation) Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (J Acoust Soc Am)
volume (numéro) 127 (3)
  
pages 1300 – 1306
résumé Squeal from railway wheels occurring in short radius curves produces a very intense and highly annoying noise in the range 400–8000 Hz. When the excitation, due to lateral forces acting on the wheel, cannot be avoided, additional systems can be added on the wheel to limit acoustic emission. A very economical approach is the use of metal rings inserted into grooves machined in the wheels. Unfortunately the effectiveness of these so called damping rings varies from one wheel to another and for different rings. Because the mechanisms of attenuation are not well understood, these variations have not to date been explained. The aim of this paper is to clarify the attenuation mechanisms for damping rings especially for the first three axial wheel modes, which are the predominant sound radiated ones in curve passage and for which the effectiveness of the treatment is lower. It has been generally assumed that friction between the ring and the groove has been the mechanism for squeal noise attenuation. Here it is shown that the vibration attenuation is due to modal coupling between the wheel and the ring. The validity of this proposed mechanism is investigated using experimental measurements and theoretical and numerical models. The results presented here will provide an avenue for optimization of the damping ring noise control treatment to obtain significant levels of squeal noise attenuation notably for the first three axial modes.
mots clés damping, locomotives, noise abatement, railways, rings (structures), vibration control, vibrations, wheels
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