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Instability of streaks in wall turbulence with adverse pressure gradient

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2011
auteur(s) Marquillie Matthieu; Ehrenstein Uwe; Laval Jean-Philippe
journal (abréviation) Journal of Fluid Mechanics (J. Fluid. Mech.)
volume (numéro) 681
  
pages 205 – 240
résumé A direct numerical simulation of a turbulent channel flow with a lower curved wall is performed at Reynolds number Reτ ≈ 600. Low-speed streak structures are extracted from the turbulent flow field using methods known as skeletonization in image processing. Individual streaks in the wall-normal plane averaged in time and superimposed to the mean streamwise velocity profile are used as basic states for a linear stability analysis. Instability modes are computed at positions along the lower and upper wall and the instability onset is shown to coincide with the strong production peaks of turbulent kinetic energy near the maximum of pressure gradient on both the curved and the flat walls. The instability modes are spanwise- symmetric (varicose) for the adverse pressure gradient streak base flows with wall- normal inflection points, when the total average of the detected streaks is considered. The size and shape of the counter-rotating streamwise vortices associated with the instability modes are shown to be reminiscent of the coherent vortices emerging from the streak skeletons in the direct numerical simulation. Conditional averages of streaks have also been computed and the distance of the streak’s centre from the wall is shown to be an essential parameter. For the upper-wall weak pressure gradient flow, spanwise-antisymmetric (sinuous) instability modes become unstable when sets of highest streaks are considered, whereas varicose modes dominate for the streaks closest to the wall.
mots clés instability, turbulent boundary layers
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