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Effect of Frictions on the Ballistic Performance of a 3D Warp Interlock Fabric: Numerical Analysis

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2012
auteur(s) Ha Minh Cuong; Boussu François; Kanit Toufik; Crepin David; Imad Abdellatif
journal (abréviation) Applied composite materials (Appl Compos Mater)
volume (numéro) 19 (3-4)
pages 333 – 347
résumé 3D interlock woven fabrics are promising materials to replace the 2D structures in the field of ballistic protection. The structural complexity of this material caused many difficulties in numerical modeling. This paper presents a new tool that permits to generate a geometry model of any woven fabric, then, mesh this model in shell or solid elements, and apply the mechanical properties of yarns to them. The tool shows many advantages over existing software. It is very handy in use with an organization of the functions in menu and using a graphic interface. It can describe correctly the geometry of all textile woven fabrics. With this tool, the orientation of the local axes of finite elements following the yarn direction facilitates defining the yarn mechanical properties in a numerical model. This tool can be largely applied because it is compatible with popular finite element codes such as Abaqus, Ansys, Radioss etc. Thanks to this tool, a finite element model was carried out to describe a ballistic impact on a 3D warp interlock Kevlar KM2® fabric. This work focuses on studying the effect of friction onto the ballistic impact behavior of this textile interlock structure. Results showed that the friction among yarns affects considerably on the impact behavior of this fabric. The effect of the friction between projectile and yarn is less important. The friction plays an important role in keeping the fabric structural stability during the impact event. This phenomenon explained why the projectile is easier to penetrate this 3D warp interlock fabric in the no-friction case. This result also indicates that the ballistic performance of the interlock woven fabrics can be improved by using fibers with great friction coefficients.
mots clés 3D warp interlock fabric – Numerical tool for geometrical representation – Ballistic impact – Finite element methode – Effet of friction – Dammage mechanisms
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