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Two-phase numerical study of the flow field formed in water pump sump: influence of air entrainment

type de publication      communication internationale avec actes publiés
date de publication 2012
auteur(s) Bayeul-Laine Annie-Claude; Simonet Sophie; Bois Gérard; Issa Abir
conférence 26th IARH Symposium
     dates de 19-08-2012 à 23-08-2012
     lieu Beijing, China
     nom des actes 26th IARH Symposium
résumé In a pump sump it is imperative that the amount of non-homogenous flow and entrained air be kept to a minimum. Free air-core vortex occurring at a water-intake pipe is an important problem encountered in hydraulic engineering. These vortices reduce pump performances, may have large effects on the operating conditions and lead to increase plant operating costs. The purpose of this paper is to reproduce the flow pattern of experiments and to confirm the geometrical parameters that influence the flow structure in such a pump. The numerical model solves the Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations and VOF multiphase model. STAR CCM+, with an adapted mesh configuration using hexahedral mesh with prism layer near walls, was used. Attempts have been made to calculate two phase unsteady flow for stronger mass flow rates and stronger submergence with low water level in order to be able to capture air entrainment. The results allow the knowledge of some limits of numerical models, of mass flow rates and of submergences for air entrainment. In the validation of this numerical model, emphasis was placed on the prediction of the number, location, size and strength of the various types of vortices coming from the free surface.
mots clés pump sump, air entrainment
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