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Experimental and numerical study of the low-cycle fatigue behaviour of a cast metal matrix composite

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2002
auteur(s) Fouret Charles; Degallaix Suzanne
journal International Journal of Fatigue
volume (numéro) 24
  
pages 223 – 232
résumé The low-cycle fatigue behaviour of a cast metal matrix composite has been studied experimentally and numerically. Tension–compression cyclic tests have been carried out in situ in a scanning electron microscope to observe damage mechanisms of a AS10U3NG alloy based composite reinforced with 10 vol.% SiCp. Micro-cracks always initiate on the specimen surface, on the biggest casting defects. Then the small cracks mainly propagate in the eutectic zone by precipitate fractures or by either particle/dendrite or particle/precipitate debondings. One of these cracks becomes the main crack. When the main crack reaches a ‘critical length’, it tends to grow in mode I through the dendrites and by particle fracture in front of the crack. As far as the numerical study is concerned, a finite element analysis models the composite behaviour under tension–compression cyclic loading, before crack initiation, until a stabilised cycle is reached. Numerical and experimental stress–strain hysteresis loops are compared. Numerical and experimental cyclic stress–strain curves are in a good agreement.
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