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Scale effect on unsteady cloud cavitation

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2012
auteur(s) Dular Matevz; Khlifa Ilyass; Fuzier Sylvie; Adama Maiga Mahamadou; Coutier Delgosha Olivier
journal (abréviation) Experiments in Fluids (Exp Fluid)
volume (numéro) 53 (5)
pages 1233 – 1250
résumé No experiment was conducted, yet, to investigate the scale effects on the dynamics of developed cavitating flow with periodical cloud shedding. The present study was motivated by the unclear results obtained from the experiments in a Venturi-type section that was scaled down 10 times for the purpose of measurements by ultra-fast X-ray imaging (Coutier-Delgosha et al. 2009). Cavitation in the original size scale section (Stutz and Reboud in Exp Fluids 23:191–198, 1997, Exp Fluids 29:545–552 2000) always displays unsteady cloud separation. However, when the geometry was scaled down, the cavitation became quasi steady although some oscillations still existed. To investigate this phenomenon more in detail, experiments were conducted in six geometrically similar Venturi test sections where either width or height or both were scaled. Various types of instabilities are obtained, from simple oscillations of the sheet cavity length to large vapor cloud shedding when the size of the test section is increased. It confirms that small scale has a significant influence on cavitation. Especially the height of the test section plays a major role in the dynamics of the re-entrant jet that drives the periodical shedding observed at large scale. Results suggest that the sheet cavity becomes stabile when the section is scaled down to a certain point because re-entrant jet cannot fully develop.
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