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Micromechanical modelling of dry and saturated cement paste: Porosity assessment using ultrasonic waves

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2013
auteur(s) Maalej Sirine; Lafhaj Zoubeir; Bouassida Mounir
journal (abréviation) Mechanics Research Communications (Mech Res Comm)
volume (numéro) 51
pages 8 – 14
résumé This article assesses the relationship between porosity and ultrasonic parameters of cement paste. It includes theoretical assessment of ultrasonic wave velocities of cement paste materials. Theoretical micromechanical models describing cement paste as a two-phase composite were detailed. Mechanical (bulk and shear moduli) and ultrasonic (longitudinal and transverse velocities) properties were evaluated. They were then, compared to the experimental ultrasonic properties measured on dry and fully water saturated samples with varying porosity First, the obtained micromechanical results showed that the correlation between acoustic velocity and porosity yielded the expected values: longitudinal and transverse velocities decrease with porosity. Secondly, the dilute inclusion model was able to represent the acoustic parameter of the cement paste only at low porosity, up to 20%. The self-consistent model under-estimated the measured ultrasonic properties for almost all porosity ranges. The Mori-Tanaka and the Kuster-Toksöz models succeeded in describing the acoustic parameters in dry and saturated states when assuming spherical shaped pores.
mots clés Cement paste; Micromechanics; Porosity; Ultrasound
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