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Micromechanics-based constitutive modeling of plastic yielding and damage mechanisms in polymer-clay nanocomposites: application to polyamide-6 and polypropylene-based nanocomposites

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2014
auteur(s) Mesbah A.; Zaïri Fahmi; Naït Abdelaziz Moussa; Gloaguen Jean-Michel; Anoukou Kokou; Zaoui Ali; Qu Zhengwei; Boukharouba T.; Lefebvre Jean-Marc
journal (abréviation) Composites Science and Technology (Compos. Sci. Tech.)
volume (numéro) 101
pages 71 – 78
résumé The present work focuses on the continuum-based micromechanical modeling of the elastic-plastic stress-strain response including damage mechanisms of polymer-clay nanocomposites. The micromechanical elastic-plastic-damage model includes both the actual microstructure of the said composites using a multi-scale approach and the microstructural evolution related to damage accumulation under applied macroscopic deformation. The interfacial debonding between clay nanoparticles and polymer matrix, and the polymer matrix voiding are the two prevalent damage events considered. The tensile stress-strain response and micromechanical deformation processes of polyamide-6 and polypropylene-based systems reinforced with modified montmorillonite clay at various concentrations are experimentally investigated by a video-controlled technique. The usual shear yielding deformation mode of neat polyamide-6 is altered by the presence of clay platelets which induce a dilatational process due to interfacial debonding. In addition to matrix shear yielding, a dual-dilatational deformation mechanism by crazing and interfacial debonding is revealed in polypropylene-clay nanocomposites. Using the intrinsic deformation micromechanisms and elastic-plastic properties of the polymer matrix, and the nanocomposite structural characteristics, the micromechanical model is found to successfully describe the experimental results of the two nanocomposite materials in terms of tensile stress-strain response and inelastic volumetric strain.
mots clés A. Nanocomposites; B. Debonding; Porosity/voids; Plastic deformation; C. Modeling.
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