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A micro-macro model for time-dependent behavior of clayey rocks due to anisotropic propagation of microcracks

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2015
auteur(s) Bikong Christian; Hoxha Dashnor; Shao Jian-Fu
journal (abréviation) International Journal of Plasticity (Int J Plasticity)
volume (numéro) 69
pages 73 – 88
résumé In this paper, a micro-macro model is proposed for the time-dependent behavior of clayey rocks. Two material scales are considered. At the mesoscopic scale, the studied material is represented by a three-phase composite. Quartz and calcite grains are embedded inside the clay matrix. At the microscopic scale, the clay matrix is characterized by a cracked elastic solid. The creep deformation is assumed to be induced by the time-dependent propagation of anisotropic microcracks inside the clay matrix. A two-step homogenization procedure is proposed. The effective elastic properties of the cracked clay matrix are first determined using an Eshelby solution based homogenization method. Two different homogenization schemes are used respectively with and without taking into account crack interactions. Then the macroscopic mechanical properties of heterogeneous clayey rocks are determined by the second homogenization step using the Mori Tanaka Scheme. A sensitivity study is performed in order to evaluate macroscopic consequences of the microscopic time-dependent propagation law of microcracks. Finally, comparisons between numerical results and experimental data from creep tests are presented.
mots clés Time-dependent damage; Creep; Microcracks; Micromechanics; Homogenization; Clayey rocks
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