||Titania-Hydroxyapatite (TiO2/HAP) reinforced coatings are proposed to enhance the bioactivity and corrosion resistance of 316L stainless steel (316L SS). Herein, spin- and dip-coating sol-gel processes were investigated to construct two kinds of coatings: TiO2/HAP composite and TiO2/HAP bilayer. Physicochemical characterization highlighted the bioactivity response of the TiO2/HAP composite once incubated in physiological conditions for 7 days whereas the TiO2/HAP bilayer showed instability and dissolution. Biological analysis revealed a failure in human stem cells adhesion on TiO2/HAP bilayer whereas on TiO2/HAP composite the presence of polygonal shaped cells, possessing good behaviour attested a good biocompatibility of the composite coating. Finally, TiO2/HAP composite with hardness up to 0.6 GPa and elastic modulus up to 18 GPa, showed an increased corrosion resistance of 316L SS. In conclusion, the user-friendly sol-gel processes led to bioactive TiO2/HAP composite buildup suitable for biomedical applications.