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Five year drying of high performance concretes: Effect of temperature and cement-type on shrinkage

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2017
auteur(s) Brue Flore; Davy Catherine A.; Burlion Nicolas; Skoczylas Frédéric; Bourbon Xavier
journal (abréviation) Cement and Concrete Research (Cement Concr Res)
volume (numéro) 99
pages 70 – 85
résumé This experimental study imposes limited relative humidity (RH) gradients to small mature concrete samples, at a constant temperature T = 20, 50 or 80°C. Mass loss and shrinkage are recorded until stabilization at each RH and T, for up to 1991 days. Firstly, our mass loss data are consistent with those presented in former research (on different samples of the same batch). After presenting and analyzing shrinkage kinetics, experimental data are fitted with usual models for shrinkage prediction, at each temperature of 20, 50 and 80°C. An adequate match is obtained by combining capillarity (i.e. Vlahinic's model coupling poro-elastic constants and water saturation level) and desorption (Bangham's equation).
Subsequently, relative mass variation (RMV ) is plotted against shrinkage View the MathML sourceεshdry data. Three distinct phases are obtained at 20 or 50°C and down to 30%RH; up to four distinct phases are observed at T = 80°C and down to 12%RH. The latter are confirmed by experiments on (60°C; 7%RH ) dried concrete. The four phases in the (View the MathML sourceRMV,εshdry) diagram are interpreted against shrinkage data on mature cement paste dried at 60°C; 7%RH and against the literature.
mots clés High performance concretes; Drying shrinkage; Temperature; Capillarity; Disjoining pressure; Adsorption
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