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Experimental study on a mortar. Temperature effects on porosity and permeability. Residual properties or direct measurements under temperature

type de publication      article dans une revue internationale avec comité de lecture
date de publication 2005
auteur(s) Lion Maxime; Skoczylas Frédéric; Lafhaj Zoubeir; Sersar Mokhtar
journal Cement and Concrete Research
volume (numéro) 35 (10)
pages 1937 – 1942
résumé This study is a part of a large experimental program intended to characterize the effects of increasing temperature upon the hydraulic properties of cement based materials. Initial gas permeability and porosity values of the used material, a normalized mortar with a water / cement ratio of 0.5, clearly show the material homogeneity after a drying phase at 60 °C. The initial permeability is moreover insensitive to confining pressure variation which is evidence of the absence of significant initial micro-cracking in which the flow could occur. Residual properties (at room temperature) were measured after thermal treatments at 150 or 250 °C. These heating phases lead to a clear increase in porosity and permeability being sevenfold its initial value after a 250 °C treatment. This increase in permeability comes from two distinct effects that can be experimentally highlighted: a pore widening observed with the Klinkenberg effect being lower and a micro-crack closure occurring with the increase in confining pressure. Permeability was also measured with gas injection in samples submitted to thermal loading and slightly confined (at 4 MPa). Three levels of temperatures were used: 25, 105 and 200 °C; in a first stage the permeability remained almost constant to finally significantly increased at 200 °C. At 105 °C there is a widening of pores observed with the Klinkenberg effect but not sufficient to vary the permeability. At 200 °C micro-cracks have occurred but their influence upon permeability is lower than for treated material. This is an effect of the confining pressure applied on the material during heating.
mots clés Permeability; Thermal treatment
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