résumé |
The hysteresis loop of austenitic and austeniticferritic duplex stainless steels, both with different levels of nitrogen, was analyzed using a generalised statistical theory. The plot of the second derivative yields information on the average effective stress and the probability density function of the critical internal stresses, its evolution in cyclic straining and its dependence on the strain amplitude. The probability density function in duplex steels has two peaks, which correspond to the two-phase structure. The position of these peaks plotted versus the fictive stress corresponds very well to the position of the peaks in the individual phases. The changes of the effective moduli and the evolution of the effective and internal components of the cyclic stress are reported. Nitrogen takes a strong effect on the probability density function of the critical internal stresses in austenitic steel. The suppression of the second peak formed in high amplitude straining is discussed in terms of the appearance of planar dislocation structures, which develop due to the presence of nitrogen. |